Feel free to download and use these articles, protocols, literature reviews and bibliography. The * in front of the articles and protocols have been furnished by Waterbirth International. Please credit accordingly.
Protocols have been developed as "Guidelines," which change
from time to time.
in Water Helpful for Dystocia
(Click to view the article on this
Waterbirths and Tearing
(Click to view the article on this site)
Question of the Quarter: What is your favorite waterbirth story?
I Learned from the First Hospital Birthing Pool - by Michel Odent,
Landmark in the History of Birthing Pools - by Michel Odent, MD.
Midwife's Perspective: Labor and Birth in the Water - by Jill
to Make a Portable Waterbirth Tub - by Melanie Moore
a past issue from the E-News archive dedicated to Waterbirth
Cochrane Reviews, Immersion in water in pregnancy, labour and
birth Brief Summary: Reviewers' conclusions: There is evidence
that water immersion during the first stage of labour reduces
the use of analgesia and reported maternal pain, without adverse
outcomes on labour duration, operative delivery or neonatal outcomes.
The effects of immersion in water during pregnancy or in the third
stage are unclear. One trial explores birth in water, but is too
small to determine the outcomes for women or neonates.
To Order Waterbirth Guidelines: United Kingdom
International Collaboration: Water Immersion During Labor and
A Comparative Study
A Prospective Study on More than 2,000 Waterbirths
Verena Geissbühler, Jakob Eberhard
mortality and Morbidity Among Babies Delivered in Water: Surveillance
Study and Postal Survey. Ruthe E. Gilbert & Pat Tookey
controlled trial of labouring in water compared with standard
of augmentation for management of dystocia in first stage of labour
Elizabeth R Cluett, Ruth M Pickering, senior lecturer in medical
, Kathryn Getliffe,Nigel James St George Saunders
Waterbirth Debate Up-To-Date Sheila Kitzinger's letter from Europe
Issues in Perinatal Care Sept 2000
News on Waterbirth with Sheila Kitzinger
to more latest articles and protocols 1, 2,